The Relationship of Personality Type, Problem-Solving Appraisal, and Learning Stratagies

Closson, Jennifer


Ginevra, M. C., Nota, L., Heppner, P. P., Heppner, M., & Soresi, S. (2015). The Relationship of Personality Type, Problem-Solving Appraisal, and Learning Strategies. Journal Of Career Assessment, 23(4), 545-558. doi:10.1177/1069072714553075


This article links learning styles with personality types.  Research has shown there is a definite correlation between problem solving with various personality types including extroversion, intuition, thinking and judgment oriented learners.  “These results have important implications for practice and underscore that specific problem solving training may improve critical learning strategies.”

 It is self-evident that personality affects learning strategies and outcomes.  Young people in particular with poor social skills, inadequate problem-solving abilities, and a lack of belief in one’s ability to succeed, tend to have ineffective coping skills. However, adjustment of learning strategies to adjust to personality variables can help to teach positive coping skills. “Fortunately problem solving appraisal has shown to be alterable or amenable to change through primary intervention”. (Ginevra, et. al.)

Environmental factors can also be detrimental to certain personality types. The author suggests that in this new world, educator control of the learning environment may provide a greater benefit to development of problems solving skills and enhancement of learning strategies, than intervention.  

I found this article to be especially helpful in providing guidance for assistance of at risk youth whose personality traits have been negatively affected either at home or in other negative environments. Through active intervention, educators can now help students develop problem solving skills and learning strategies by enhancing student beliefs in themselves as active problem solvers in the world around them and in their educational pursuits.