Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism, and Social constructivism

Panneck, Brook


Hung, D. (2001). Theories of Learning and Computer-Mediated Instructional Technologies. Educational Media International, 38(4), 281-287. doi:10.1080/09523980110105114

This article describes the major schools of thought in educational theory, namely- Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism, and Social Constructivism. The paper proposes a framework for using these theories in online instruction and lists technologies for supporting the different theory implementations. I proposes that all of these theories have a place in the classroom.

Not only does it provide explanations for these theories, but it has a table that shows each of the theories, and explains the instructional design/delivery respectively. It has a table outlining, the processes of learning, type of learning, instructional strategies, and key concepts. Additionally, it has a table showing the different types of learning tools and technologies to support each of these technologies. Lastly it illustrates tools used to support active learning among groups and individualize learning.

This is a great paper for those that want to get a basic foundational understanding of what these theories are, how they can be taught and the technologies that support the teaching. It is also a great jumping off point to learn more about these theories individually. I recommend checking out the references at the bottom of the article to find more great articles that this author used.

What to Expect From Librarians in the 21st Century

Fleming, Giovanna
SandlianSmith, P. (2013, December 16). What to expect from libraries in the 21st Century. Retrieved
          May 4, 2014, from Youtube website:
CO- Collaboration
ET- Common Core
IL- 21st Century Library
CA- New methods

          This video featuring Pam Sandlian Smith is amazing.  She explains with emotion and grace the importance of having libraries as community hubs, learning places, “idea stores”. (Sandlian Smith, P.,2013) Librarians treat everyone with respect and allow them to have a special place to dream and be inspired.
Yes, watch this if you get a chance before you do anything else today!  Libraries have been “common core” for years. Many of us know already the other “c’s” librarians bring to the table: community, connections, and cornerstone.
These are the type of libraries, everyone should want to have in our communities.  Our librarians are worth their weight in gold.  It would be “absolutely” wonderful to have more weekly hours in the library on a regular basis.  Let’s not keep it a dream, it should be a reality for every student.  I keep hearing teachers saying, “Librarians are a gift.”  I believe librarians are a necessity. How wonderful would it be to have a lounging area, a creative area, a research area?
Libraries have been common core for years, the four “c’s” come easily, but, we also believe in another few “c’s”. They are “community, connections, and cornerstones”.  We inspire, collaboratively, and build communities. Our libraries should be research centers, safe learning school community hubs with color printers connected to the library computers, lounge areas, as well as creative areas. Pam refers to the London Libraries in the video.  London is now calling their libraries, “idea stores”.  Let’s go shop for ideas. (SandlianSmith, P.,2013) How incredible is that?

I believe our librarians are worth their weight in gold.  Staff members around my sites are constantly saying, “librarians are a gift.” Of course, absolutely!!!  I believe and say to them, “librarians are a necessity.”  At times, it is exhausting but, we do take time to reflect. We evolve, we become better and we inspire others to do the same.  
“why do we need libraries”….”who else is going to do this?”  (SandlianSmith, P.,2013)I realize the focus of the video is of public librarians but, school librarians are created from the same cloth.

          This video brought me to tears and later, gave me goosebumps.  It’s emotional and inspirational. Would I recommend this video to others? ABSOLUTELY, “who else is going to do it?”.(SandlianSmith, P.,2013)


Papert, S. (1980s). Constructionism v. instructionism. [Transcript of speech delivered by video]. Retrieved from


            In this transcript of a speech given through a video presentation to educators at a conference in Japan, Papert defines constructionism and instructionism as “two approaches to educational innovation,” describes how students apply mathematics with computer technology to learn mathematical concepts, and encourages audience to “become engaged in inventing the future of learning.”

“Instructionism is the theory that says, “To get better education, we must improve instruction. And if we’re going to use computers, we’ll make the computers do the instruction.” (Part 1, para. 3)

“Well, teaching is important, but learning is much more important. And Constructionism means “Giving children good things to do so that they can learn by doing much better than they could before.” Now, I think that the new technologies are very, very rich in providing new things for children to do so that they can learn mathematics as part of something real.” (Part 1, para. 4)