By Bailey, Rachel
Mayer, R. (2008). Applying the science of learning: Evidence-based principles for the design of multimedia instruction. American Psychologist, November, 760-769.
Summary: This article combines the science of learning and instruction. After conducting numerous research trials, the author concludes that some multi-media led instructional strategies are more conducive to learning than others. In the article he highlights 10 effective principles of multimedia instruction. Here are his findings:
- Eliminate extraneous material.
- Highlight essential material.
- Present pictures and spoken words rather than pictures spoken words, and printed words.
- Place printed text next to the corresponding part of the graphic.
- Present corresponding graphics and words at the same time.
- Break a continuous lesson into learner-paced parts.
- Provide pre-training on the names, locations, and characteristics of key concepts.
- Present graphics with spoken text rather than graphics with printed text.
- Present words and pictures rather than words alone.
- Present words in conversational style rather than formal style.